The construction of buildings and other infrastructure using sustainable technologies and materials is key to these types of initiatives. A green or sustainable building is a building that, due to its construction and characteristics, can maintain or improve the quality of life of the environment in which it is located. Although the objective of reducing waste can be applied during the design, construction and demolition phases of a building's life cycle, it is in the O%26 million phase when ecological practices are carried out, such as recycling and improving air quality. In the United Kingdom, the BRE Green Specification Guide provides classifications for 1500 building materials based on the LCA.
Numerous studies have demonstrated the measurable benefit of green building initiatives on worker productivity. Building Information Models (BIM) are files (often, but not always, in proprietary formats and containing proprietary data) that can be extracted, exchanged or networked to facilitate decision-making about a building or other constructed asset. Its objective is to accurately measure and manage the environmental impacts of corporate buildings and to allow real estate executives to generate high-quality and comparable performance information about their buildings anywhere in the world. The energy efficiency of green buildings can be evaluated using numerical or non-numerical methods.
National laboratories, private companies, universities and industry are conducting research on green buildings. The intrusion of water through the envelope of a building or the condensation of water on cold surfaces inside the building can improve and maintain microbial growth. In addition, the occupants were generally more satisfied with the building than those in typical commercial buildings. In the aesthetic aspect of green architecture or sustainable design, there is the philosophy of designing a building that is in harmony with the natural features and resources that surround the site.
Also known as sustainable design, this approach integrates the life cycle of the building with each ecological practice employed for a design purpose to create a synergy between the practices used. Green building rating systems, such as BREEAM (United Kingdom), LEED (United States and Canada), DGNB (Germany), CASBEE (Japan) and VerdeGBCE (Spain) and GRIHA (India), help consumers to determine the level of environmental performance of a structure. In addition, with the right synergistic design, individual green building technologies can work together to produce a greater cumulative effect. Green building technology focuses on low consumption, high efficiency, economy, environmental protection, integration and optimization.
Personal control of the temperature and airflow of the HVAC system, together with a properly designed building envelope, will also help increase the thermal quality of the building. Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) is a set of qualification systems for the design, construction, operation and maintenance of green buildings that was developed by the U.